- Licensing standards vary from state to state. The Utah licensing entity is the Department of Health, Bureau of Child Development.
- The goal is to ensure the safety and well-being of children. Minimum standards are set by government regulatory agencies, with input from professionals and community.
- Licensing rules are established to determine the least that can be provided to assure safe, healthy, nurturing environment for children's care and development.
- Accountable to report major changes.
- All providers must pass a criminal background check and attain the minimal hours of required training.
- License expires & providers must renew license at set times established by the licensor.
- Inspections are done both announced and unannounced biannually.
Types of Licensing
- Residential Certificate - Child care provided in a private home for up to eight children. This can include up to (but not more than) two children under the age of two.
- Family Child Care - Child care provided in a private home for up to eight children. This can include up to (but not more than) two children under the age of two Family Group Child Care
- Family Group Child Care - Child care provided in a private home and operated by two providers who care for up to 16 children (including their own).
- Child Care Center - Child care provided in a non-residential setting on a regular schedule. The number of children allowed will be determined by the facility's total square footage.
- Hourly Center - Child care provided in a non-residential setting, not on a regular schedule.
- Nanny Care
- Relative Care
- Programs administered by public or parochial schools
- Drop-in programs where the parents are on premises (i.e. playgroups, gym, church, etc.)
- National standards created by national groups to meet a higher level of quality.
- Set by professionals in Early Childhood Education; intended as standards of excellence that is most often higher than licensing regulations.
- Child care programs voluntarily become accredited as it is not mandated by law.
- Established to determine the best that can be provided to facilitate optimal growth and development.
- Staff engage in continued education and professional development.
- Annual report of changes and improvements.
- Accreditation expires/must be reaccredited.
Types of Accreditation
- National Association for Family Child Care (NAFCC)
- Family child care homes
- www.nafcc.org or call 1-800-359-3817
- National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)
- Child care centers, Kindergartens, public school preschools.
- www.naeyc.org or call 1-800-424-2460
- National Early Childhood Program Accreditation
- Child care Centers
- www.necpa.net or call 1-855-706-3272
- National AfterSchool Association
- School-Age programs
- www.naaweb.org or call 1-800-617-8242